Kale, White Russian Seed -Multi-purpose,open-pollinated Vegetables, Great for ba
Organic Non-GMO White Russian Kale - OPEN-POLLINATED
Judged most cold-hardy kale in trials at Garden City Seeds (Montana) circa 1995, and voted the best tasting among farm crews there, at High Mowing Seeds in Vermont, and at GTF. Tolerates water saturated soil better than any other kale we grow, lone survivors in two flood years and the annual low spots. Leaves are dissected like Red Russian, but with whitish stems and veining. Vigorous! Farm Original Variety!7,500 seeds per oz.
Sweet, tender leaves with excellent frost tolerance. Voted the best-tasting in our taste tests, with blue green leaves and white ribs that get sweeter in cold weather. Tolerates wet soils and just as hardy as the toughest Russian. Bred by Frank Morton of Wild Garden Seeds and released through the Open Source Seed Initiative. Open Source Seed · Tolerates wet soil · Very cold-hardy · 24-30" tall (Brassica napus)
Days to maturity: 21 days baby, 50 full size
Plant approx. 3 months before expected fall frost. Sow 3 seeds every 8", 1/4- 1/2" deep, in rows 18-30" apart. Thin to 1 plant/group. You can also grow kale from transplants, like cabbage. Beginning about 2 months after planting, harvest by clipping individual leaves. For salad mix: In a 2-4" wide band sow 60 seeds/ft. Clip 4- to 5-week-old leaves. Kale and collards are very hardy, will increase in eating quality into late fall and will be harvestable through the winter in most areas. Use row
cover in severe climates.
Organic Kale & Collards - Growing and Seed Saving Info
Kale & Collards
Kale and collards are hardy biennials that will overwinter in milder climates, and improve in flavor with the onset of cold weather. They are in the Brassicaceae family, sharing species name Brassica oleracea with cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, and kohlrabi.
Scotch - Deeply curled and wrinkled leaves. Very hardy.
Siberian or Russian – Flat leaves with lobed edges. Most tender.
Lacinato – Dark green savoyed blade shaped leaves.
Collards – More heat tolerant. Giant round leaves.
Soil and Nutrient Requirements
Kale and Collards thrive in well drained fertile soil high in organic matter, with pH 6.0- 7.5. They can tolerate slightly alkaline soil. A general guideline is 2-3 lbs of 8-16-16 fertilizer over 100 sq ft of garden area two weeks before planting. If boron is not present in your soils, consider adding 1 Tbs per 100 sq ft.
Full sun is best, although light shade can help plants tolerate hot weather.
Babyleaf- Direct seeding: ~60seeds/ft in 2-4" bands; Full Size- 12-18”
18-30” for full size
When to Sow
Days to maturity are from direct seeding, subtract 2 weeks if transplanting. Direct sow as soon as soil can be worked or start transplants 4 weeks before planting date. Plant baby leaf every 4-5 weeks for a continual harvest. Sow fall plantings two months before first expected frost for full size and up until frost for baby leaf.
Yes. Kale is very hardy, withstanding even a hard freeze. Cold weather causes kale to become very sweet.
Kale can tolerate drought, but the quality and flavor of the leaves will suffer.
Collards are a better choice than kale for hot weather.
Harvest full size leaves when desired. Kale flavor sweetens after light frosts. Kale and collards are both very cold hardy, overwintering in most climates to some degree.
Cool leaves in cold water at harvest and store in plastic in fridge. In late fall, cut the heart of the plant and store just above freezing in a plastic bag for a few weeks.