Indian Cluster Bean (Guar Bean, ) Cyamopsis tetragonolobus
Scientific name: Cyamopsis tetragonoloba
Indian Cluster Bean (Guar Bean, Gum Bean)It is also known as Gavar, Guwar or Guvar bean.
Cluster Bean is native to India and is widely grown in dry, warm and arid regions. Plants are 1 to 3 meters tall. Young flesh green tender pods are harvested for vegetable use. In India, plants are also grown for the cattle
fodders or green manuring crops. Matured seeds are crushed and turned into flour, known as guar gum, which are used as a thickening agent in food, paper and textile industries. It has been reported that the thickening
power of Cluster Bean is more than 5 times of Corn Starch.
The guar bean or cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonolobus) is an annual legume and the source of guar gum. It grows best under conditions with frequent rainfall, but tolerates arid conditions well. 80% of world production
Guar can be eaten as a green bean, but is more important as the source of guar gum. Guar beans have a large endosperm that contains galactomannan gum, a substance which forms a gel in water. This is commonly known
Another use is as a fiber supplement. After being partially hydrolyzed, guar gum is completely soluble in water and soft food. Being approximately 75% dietary fiber, it allows fiber to be added to a food with a minimal
effect on taste and texture. as guar gum and is used in dairy products like ice cream and as a stabilizer in cheese and cold-meat processing. occurs in India, but, due to strong demand, the plant is being introduced into new areas. It is known as
Gawaar in Hindi and Marathi, "Goruchikkudu kaya" or "Gokarakaya" in Telugu, Gorikayie in Kannada, and kotthavarai in Tamil.
Cluster bean is essentially a warm season crop and grows well in summer as well as rainy season crop. It is very hardy crop and relatively resistant top drought.
Soil and its Preparation:
Cluster bean can be grown on all types of soil. But well drained sandy loam soil is best suited for it. The land should be well prepared by repeated ploughing.
Materials: extra rich in protein,enjoyed as dried bean,fresh in its green pod,or even as a crunchy,garden,vegetable,Eat Fresh,Edamame,Bean,Guar Bean,Gum Bean,Indian Cluster Bean,Cyamopsis tetragonolobus