Fairybells/Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora) Shade loving Perennial - Native Wildflowers ! Very hardy to zone 3
The Bellwort flowers and leaves have an overall droopy appearance when in bloom. However, after seeds are set, the leaves of Uvularia take on a different look, somewhat like a needle threading the stem through the leaves.
Fairybells is perhaps the most delightful heavy shade native perennial available in the United States. The lovely nodding yellow flowers with bright green foliage will lighten any deep shady area. The plant likes rich organic material in moist soil but once established it needs little care or attention. The plants spread out to form dense clumps of interesting slightly twisted green leaves and curly petaled bell-like flowers. Ideal for homes located in woodland areas, woodland gardens or any shaded place that has good airflow. We suspect that deer will eat them, (ours are protected just in case), and would recommend anyone with deer or rabbit problems to also protect their plants. Very hardy to zone 3.
Description of Fairybells (Uvularia grandiflora).
A hardy woodland perennial it is hardy to zone 3. In early spring it puts up smooth stems that can reach 1-2 feet (30-60 cm) in height and has a protective sheath at the base. Plants can produce many stems from the basal root. In immature plants the stems are non branching and do not flower. When fairybells mature the stems branch into two with one branch being sterile and producing only leaves and the other producing flowers. The leaves are light green in color up to 6" (15 cm) long and 2" (5 cm) wide lance shaped with a pointed tip and are arranged alternately on the stem. The base of the leaves are round and completely surround the stem (known as perfoliate) and have several distinct veins running parallel to the central vein of the leaf. The leaf edges are often rolled under with fine white hairs visible on the underside; leaves are often slightly twisted. The flowers are yellow up to 2" (5 cm) long bell shaped and drooping with six narrow tepals (not real petals but they look just like them) that are slightly twisted. This gives them a much more elegant look. Anywhere from 1-4 flowers are produce per stem, and the blooms are fairly long lasting, appearing anywhere from early spring to early summer depending on the location. Flowers are followed by 3 sectioned seed capsules that look like inverted pyramids with rounded corners that stay on the plant for long periods increasing their attractiveness.
Light: Partial, Shade
Soil: Sand, Loam, Clay
Moisture: Dry, Medium
Blooms: May, Jun
Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
Materials: Native Wildflowers,Fairybells,Bellwort,Uvularia grandiflora,yellow flowers,shade,woodland garden,shaded border front,wildflower garden,naturalized area,Mass plantings,under shade trees,along wood margins