Bottle Gourd Seeds - Nam Tao Yai (Asian vegetable)
Bottle Gourd Seeds - Lagenaria siceraria, dark mottled green fruit grows to a size of 4"x12"and weighs up to 4 lbs.200-300 seeds Per oz
Nam Tao Yai
This high yielding variety is also known as White-flowered gourd and Upo or Opo and has vigorous, multi branched vines. Easy to grow, this plant is virtually disease-free and insect resistant. The dark mottled green fruit grows to a size of 4"x12"and weighs up to 4 lbs.
Planting season: Late spring/early summer The gourd can be left to fully mature and the skin will harden. The vine is very vigorous and has white flowers.
Planting season: Late spring to early summer
Asian vegetable names...
China: peou gwa, po gua, poo gua, , dudhi, hu gau, hu lu gua
Japan: kampyo, yugao
Thailand: buap khaus
The Calabash, Lagenaria siceraria (synonym Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.), also known as opo squash, bottle gourd or long melon is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable, or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe. The fresh fruit has a light green smooth skin and a white flesh. Rounder varieties are called calabash gourds. They come in a variety of shapes, they can be huge and rounded, or small and bottle shaped, or slim and serpentine, more than a metre long.
Known more in the Chinese regions and Indian subcontinents, bottle gourd has many names in local dialects such as hulu, calabash, lauki, laau, dhudhi, hyotan, hisago etc.
The calabash was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, grown not primarily for food, but for use as a water container. The bottle gourd may have been carried from Africa to Asia, Europe and the Americas in the course of human migration, or by seeds floating across the oceans inside the gourd. It has been proven to be in New World prior to the arrival of Columbus. It shares its common name with that of the calabash tree (Crescentia cujete).
Bottle gourd has been archaeologically known to be used since 11,000 to 13,000 years and has served as a popular vegetable in the Asian regions for a long time. The recent researches that have revealed its medicinal properties such as digestion improvement and weight loss are resulting into worldwide popularity of it.
Cultivation: Needs a long, warm growing season. Prepare fertile, well drained soil. Sow seeds in spring/early summer after last frost in a warm, sunny location. Hill planting: Form soil into a 1-ft. diameter mound 3-4' tall. Space mounds 5-10' apart. On each mound plant 1-2 seeds. Row planting: See spacing info in chart. Keep soil moist. Fertilize as needed. Train to climb a vertical support for better air circulation, straighter fruit and ease of harvest or leave to sprawl on the ground. May need hand pollinating.
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