Champ Peanut Seeds ( Out Shell) early maturing Virginia-type peanut.
It is an early maturing Virginia-type peanut with pink testa and bright pod color.
For highest yields the peanut vines need to be frost free for 4-5 months and grow best in well-drained soil. Under favorable conditions, plant yields 50-60 pods. Sow seeds 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart, 1 foot between rows.
It produces a rich flavored, delicious peanut with red skins and 1-3 seeds in each pod. They are excellent boiled, roasted, made into peanut butter, or pressed for oil. Very productive and easy to grow. This variety does not need to be hilled, as most peanuts do, and it will produce even in clay soils. It is considered early maturing, but should be planted as soon as possible to ensure a good crop. I would plant no later than the last week of May. (I am in zone 7)
Peanuts can be started as plants indoors or direct seeded after all danger of frost has passed.
Sow 1â³-2â³ deep and 6â³-12â³ apart in rows or beds. Peanuts are slow to germinate, so be patient. Once the plant emerges keep well- weeded as peanuts grow slowly at first. By mid-summer, the plants will begin to flower and tendrils (fruiting penduncles) will emerge from the bottom of the branches and bury themselves into the soil. Each of these penduncles will grow into a peanut. At this time be careful when cultivating so as not to disturb or uproot the peduncles. When the plant nears full maturity the leaves will begin to yellow.
The harvested plants are laid out on benches and the peanuts sprayed with water to remove dirt. Allow to dry in the sun for a few hours, then bring the plants into a shed to dry for a week or so. When the plants are fully dry it is easy to remove the peanuts. Bring your peanuts indoors for another 4-6 weeks to continue the drying process before storage. Peanuts for eating or seed should be stored in their shells.
Maturity: 110 days (Get a head start by starting indoors)
Seed Depth: 2-3"
Seed Spacing: 5-8"
Row Spacing: 24"
Sowing Method: Direct Sow
Growing Peanuts in the Garden
Flower pot or container with drainage hole (6-8 inches in diameter)
Sandy or sandy loam soil
Soak peanuts in water overnight
Fill pot with soil to one inch below rim
Plant three peanuts 1 to 2 inches deep. Cover firmly with soil but do not pack
Keep soil moist (not wet). Maintain a temperature of 65 degrees F. or above (80 degrees F. is ideal)
Peanuts should sprout within five to eight days. Continue to keep plant in a warm location exposed to direct sunlight as much as possible. Blooms will likely appear approximately 45 days after the peanut plant has emerged. (Production of peanuts on potted plant is unlikely, but may occur if kept growing for a minimum of three months)
CLIMATE FOR PEANUTS
For high yields and superior quality, peanuts require a moderate growing period (110 to 120 days) with a steady, rather high temperature and a moderate, uniformly distributed supply of moisture. The growing season should be long, warm and moist, and the harvest season should be dry.
SOIL FOR PEANUTS
Light-colored, well-drained, sandy loam soils are ideal for growing peanuts. Since the taproot of the peanut plant frequently penetrates to a depth of 18 inches, it is important that the subsoil be deep and well drained and without tendencies to become excessively dry.
*Peanuts should not be grown on the same land for successive years (alternate with corn, potatoes, etc.).
SOIL PREPARATION AND FERTILIZATION
Soil should be worked until loose and prepared. Space rows 24 to 36 inches apart.
Peanuts respond best to residual fertilization that has been applied to the crop preceding the peanuts; however, if the area to be planted has not been fertilized during the prior 12 months, then prior to planting, apply 10 pounds 0-10-20 fertilizer per 1,000 square feet.
Plant seeds as early as possible in the spring after there is no danger of frost. Plant only when the soil is moist and at least 65E F. at seed depth, (2 to 4 inches).
Space seeds four to six inches apart at a depth of about two inches. Cover furrows with soil and lightly pack. Plants emerge in 10 to 15 days depending on soil and weather conditions. When plants are about one inch high, thin to about eight inches apart.
Control grass and weeds. In cultivating, never throw dirt on the peanut plant.
When blossoms appear on the peanut plants, apply Gypsum [calcium (CaSO4) sulphate] in a 14-inch band over the plants (does not burn) at the rate of 15 lbs. per 1,000 square feet. This is essential to the formation of the peanut kernels.
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
As the peanut plant grows and develops, small yellow blossoms appear that are capable of self-pollination. With maturity, these blooms wilt and a stem or âpegâ forms. Gravity pulls the peg downward into the soil where the peanut pod forms.
The outer shell reaches full size well before the individual peanuts mature. Each plant produces between 25 and 50 peanuts. Mature plants may be as large as 36 inches in diameter and about 18 inches tall.
The peanut plant has a fruiting period of about two months. All pods do not âsetâ or ripen evenly. The object is to harvest when the greatest number of pods are matured.
When a peanut is ripe, the veins of the hull are prominent and the inside of the hull has turned dark. If the inside of the hull is white, the pod is immature. Pull a plant to examine pods for readiness. Dig when about two-thirds of the pods on a plant are mature.
If the soil is packed down around the plant, loosen it gently. Shake off as much of the soil as possible (if the earth is damp and sticks to the peanuts, shake again later when it has had time to dry.)
DRYING (OR CURING)
Allow plants, with peanuts still attached, to âcureâ in full hot sun for four to seven days (may be left, turned peanuts side up on the garden row) or inside a dry, well ventilated area (may be hung or spread in garage basement or storage building). Ventilation is important to the curing process of reducing the initial moisture level of about 50% to a safe storage level of about 10%. Inside curing may take from two to four weeks. When the curing process is completed, peanuts may be separated from the plant and used or stored.
Peanuts should be stored in a cool, dry place. They keep fresh indefinitely when stored in a tightly closed container in the freezer.
Materials: garden,vegetable,Peanut Seeds,Jumbo Virginia,Untreated Seeds,Heirloom Organically Grown,Heirloom
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